Mental Health

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Mental Health

What's in the Child Mental Wellbeing section?
 
  • Are We Making Smart Investments? Early childhood education; Spending on children's mental health; Waitlists for mental health services
  • Are We Supporting Mental Wellbeing for All Children? Rural children; Family income; Health insurance status; Race/ethnicity; Language
  • Fostering Healthy Social and Emotional Development Early in Life - Early identification of delays; Behavioral challenges in child care settings; Pediatric screenings; Home visiting
  • Schools on the Frontlines for Children's Behavioral Health - Special education,; Response to Intervention; Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports; School counselors.
  • Creating a Workforce that Supports Children's Mental Health - Rural access to mental health services;  Prescriptions of antipsychotic drugs to children; Informal sources of mental health support
  • Child Mental Wellbeing-Juvenile Justice Bridge: Reversing the Trend Toward Punishing Children in Need of Treatment - Mental health services in the state juvenile justice system

Download the Child Mental Wellbeing section of A Report on the Bottom Line: Conditions for Children and the Texas of Tomorrow.


 Child Mental Wellbeing Sources

1 Smith, J., and Smith, G. (2010). "Long-Term Economic Costs of Psychological Problems During Childhood." Social Science & Medicine. Pg. 1-6

2 National Academies, Institute of Medicine. (2009) Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People

3 The Perryman Group. (2009) Costs, Consequences, and Cures: An Assessment of the Impact of Severe Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders on Business Activity in Texas and the Anticipated Economic and Fiscal Return on Investment in Expanded Mental Health Services.

4 Voices for America's Children, The Child and Family Policy Center, and Texans Care for Children. (2005) Early Learning Left Out: Investments by Child Age on Education and Development. http://texanscareforchildren.org/Publications/Early-Learning-Left-Out-iClosing-the-Investment-Gap-for-Americas-Youngest-Childreni?&Sort=
 
5 National Association of State Mental Health Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI Inc.). State Mental Health Agency Profile Systems (Profiles) and Revenues and Expenditures Study. Revenues and Expenditures Data: 1997 to 2006. http://www.nri-inc.org/projects/Profiles/Prior_RE.cfm#1997. Accessed May 28, 2010.
 
6 National Association of State Mental Health Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc. (NRI Inc.). State Mental Health Agency Profile Systems (Profiles) and Revenues and Expenditures Study. Revenues and Expenditures Data: 1997 to 2006. http://www.nri-inc.org/projects/Profiles/Prior_RE.cfm#1997. Accessed May 28, 2010.

7 Texas Health and Safety Code Title 7 Sec. 534.053

8 Department of State Health Services, Division of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Division.

9 National Academies, Institute of Medicine. (2009) "Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People"

10 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1999). Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

11 The President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003) Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America. http://www.mentalhealthcommission.gov/reports/reports.htm
 
12 ZERO TO THREE. (2009) Early Experiences Matter. http://main.zerotothree.org/site/DocServer/Policy_Guide.pdf?docID=8401

13 Texas Health and Safety Code Title 7 Sec. 534.053

14 Children's Hospital Association of Texas. (2006). Children's Mental Health in Texas: A State of the State Report

15 American Academy of Pediatrics. (2004) "School-Based Mental Health Services: Policy Statement." Pediatrics. 113(6). Pp. 1839-1845.

16 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment.

17 Texas Department of State Health Services. (2010) Spending Reduction Plan for the 2010-11 Biennium Additional Reductions for 2012-13. http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/DSHSReductionTargetsStakeholder.pdf

18 Comment by Department of State Health Services (DSDS) Commissioner David L. Lakey at July 6, 2010 DSHS Stakeholder Meeting.

19 Kaiser Family Foundation. (2007). Percent of Children (2-17) with Emotional, Developmental, or Behavioral Problems that Received Mental Health Care, 2007. http://statehealthfacts.org/comparetable.jsp?typ=2&ind=53&cat=2&sub=14&sortc=1&o=a
 
20 Sawyer, D., Gale, J, and Lambert, D. (2006) Rural and Frontier Mental and Behavioral Health Care: Barriers, Effective Policy Strategies, Best Practices. National Association for Rural Mental Health. http://www.narmh.org/publications/archives/rural_frontier.pdf
 
21 Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board and the Texas Department of Health. (2008). Health Disparities Taskforce 2008 Biennial Report to the Texas Legislature. http://www.hhs.state.tx.us/oehd/reports/docs/HDTF2008ReporttoLegislature.pdf

22 Texas Department of State Health Services. (2009).Texas Community Mental Health Services Block Grant Plan FY 2009.

23 Sawyer, D., Gale, J, and Lambert, D. (2006) Rural and Frontier Mental and Behavioral Health Care: Barriers, Effective Policy Strategies, Best Practices. National Association for Rural Mental Health. http://www.narmh.org/publications/archives/rural_frontier.pdf
 
24 The Texas Kids Count Project, Center for Public Policy Priorities, Austin, TX. The State of Texas Children 2009-10. http://www.cppp.org/factbook09/texas_profile.php?fipse=99999. Accessed June 1, 2010.
 
25 Cooper, J. and Mask, R. (2006). Children's Mental Health: Facts for Policymakers. National Center for Children in Poverty. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_687.pdf

26 Strohschein, L. A. (2005). "Household income histories and child mental health trajectories." Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 46, 359-375.

27 Holm-Hansen, C. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Children's Mental Health. Wilder Research. http://www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=1964

28 Sturm, R., Ringle, J., and Andreyeva, T. (2003)."Geographic Disparities in Children's Mental Health Care." Pediatrics. 112(4). Pg. 308-315.

29 The Texas Kids Count Project, Center for Public Policy Priorities, Austin, TX. The State of Texas Children 2009-10. http://www.cppp.org/factbook09/texas_profile.php?fipse=99999. Accessed June 1, 2010.
 
30 Texas Health and Human Services Commission. (2010). Federal Health Care Reform ®CImpact to Texas Health and Human Services. Presentation to the Texas House Select Committee on Federal Legislation. http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us/news/presentations/2010/HouseSelectFedHlthReform.pdf
 
31 The Texas Kids Count Project, Center for Public Policy Priorities, Austin, TX. The State of Texas Children 2009-10. http://www.cppp.org/factbook09/texas_profile.php?fipse=99999. Accessed June 1, 2010.
 
32 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity--Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/cre/sma-01-3613.pdf
 
33 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity°™A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/cre/sma-01-3613.pdf

34 Sturm, R., Ringle, J., and Andreyeva, T. (2003). "Geographic Disparities in Children's Mental Health Care." Pediatrics. 112(4). Pg. 308-315.

35 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2004) "Health Disparities Experienced by Hispanics-United States." Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 53,(40): 935-937.

36 Kataoaks, S., Zhang, L, and Wells, K. (2002). "Unmet need for mental health care among U.S. children: Variation by ethnicity and insurance status." American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(9), pg. 1548-1555.

37 Stagman, S., and Cooper, J. (2010). Children's Mental health: What Every Policymaker Should Know. National Center for Children in Poverty. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_929.pdf
 
38 Holm-Hansen, C. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Children's Mental Health. Wilder Research. http://www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=1964
 
39 Holm-Hansen, C. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Children's Mental Health. Wilder Research. http://www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=1964
 
40 Holm-Hansen, C. (2006). Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Children's Mental Health. Wilder Research. http://www.wilder.org/download.0.html?report=1964
 
41 Flores, G., Toman-Korman, S. (2008). "The Language Spoken at Home and Disparities in Medical and Dental Health, Access to Care, and Use of Services in US Children." Pediatrics. 121(6). Pp. 1703-1714. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/121/6/e1703

42 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project website. http://www.mhtransformation.org/ Accessed June 1, 2010.

43 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009). Texas Comprehensive Mental Health Plan: Update Report for Fiscal Year 2010.

44 Duncan, G. J.; Brooks-Gunn, J.; Klebanov, P. K. (1994). "Economic Deprivation and Early Childhood Development." Child Development. 65: 296-318.

45 National Center for Children in Poverty (2009) Social-emotional Development in Early Childhood What Every Policymaker Should Know. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_882.pdf

46 Brauner, C.B.; Stephens, B. C. (2006) "Estimating the Prevalence of Early Childhood Serious Emotional/Behavioral Disorder: Challenges and Recommendations." Public Health Reports 121: 303-310.

47 Texas Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies & The Raising Texas Initiative. (2007) Executive Summary of Behavioral and Emotional Difficulties in Child Care. http://www.taccrra.net/docs/surveys/Executive.Summary.Survey.Behavioral.Difficulties.pdf

48 Gilliam, W.S. (2005). Pre-Kindergarteners Left Behind: Expulsion Rates in State Pre-Kindergarten Systems. New Haven, CT: Yale University Child Study Center.

49 Gilliam, W.S. (2005). Pre-Kindergarteners Left Behind: Expulsion Rates in State Pre-Kindergarten Systems. New Haven, CT: Yale University Child Study Center.

50 Texas Appleseed. (2007). Texas' School-to-Prison Pipeline: Dropout to Incarceration ®C The Impact of School Discipline and Zero Tolerance. http://www.texasappleseed.net/pdf/Pipeline%20Report.pdf
 
51 Public Policy Research Institute, Texas A&M (2005) Study of Minority Over-Representation in the Texas Juvenile Justice System. http://dmcfinalreport.tamu.edu/DMRFinalReport.pdf

52 The Incredible Years. http://www.incredibleyears.com/download/incredible-years-presentation-parent-trainingprograms.pdf

53 Nurse Family Partnership (2008). Proven Outcomes. www.nursefamilypartnership.org
 
54 National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2008). Mental Health Problems in Early Childhood Can Impair Learning and Behavior for Life: Working Paper No. 6. http://developingchild.harvard.edu/index.php/library/reports_and_working_papers/working_papers/wp6/
 
55 Gilliam, W. (2008). Implementing Policies to Reduce the Likelihood of Preschool Expulsion. A Foundation for Child Development Policy Brief. http://www.fcd-us.org/usr_doc/ExpulsionBriefImplementingPolicies.pdf

56 Foster, E., Dodge, K., and D. Jones. (2005). Measuring time costs in interventions designed to reduce behavior problems among children and youth; Jones. D., Dodge, K., Foster, E., and Nix, R. Early identification of children at risk for costly mental health services use. Prevention Science, 3, 247-256.

57 Dodge, K. (2003) "The future of research on conduct disorder." Development and Psychopathology, 5, 311-320.

58 American Academy of Pediatrics. (2006). "Policy Statement: Identifying Infants and Young Children With Developmental Disorders in the Medical Home: An Algorithm for Developmental Surveillance and Screening". Pediatrics, Vol. 118(1). http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/pediatrics;118/1/405.pdf
 
59 American Academy of Pediatrics. (2006). "Policy Statement: Identifying Infants and Young Children With Developmental Disorders in the Medical Home: An Algorithm for Developmental Surveillance and Screening". Pediatrics, Vol. 118(1). 405-420. http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/pediatrics;118/1/405.pdf
 
60 National Center for Children in Poverty. (2009). Social Emotional Development in Early Childhood: What Every Policymaker Should Know. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_882.pdf
 
61 Office of Inspector General, Department of Health and Human Services. (2010) Most Medicaid Children in Nine States are Not Receiving All Required Preventative Screening Services. http://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-05-08-00520.pdf
 
62 Standardized screenings are required during well-check visits at 9, 12, 18, 24, and 30 months, 3 and 4 years of age. Medicaid providers are required to use either the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ), ASQ-Social Emotional (ASQ:SE), or Parents Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) screening tools. The ASQ screen addresses personal and social domains, but not self-regulation, compliance, language, adaptive behaviors, autonomy, affect, and interaction, which are measured by the separate ASQ:SE screen. Likewise, the ASQ:SE focuses and social and emotional behavior and does not measure comprehensive development. PEDS addresses expressive language, receptive language, gross motor, fine motor, behavior, social-emotional, self-help, and school skills. Sources: THSteps Medical Checkups Periodicity Schedule for Infants. Children and Adolescents (Birth Through 20 Years of Age). http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/thsteps/pdfdocs/periodicity_schedule.pdf; http://www.agesandstages.com; http://www.pedstest.com/content.php?content=sandfaq_output.php&id=45 
 
63 Lavigne J.V., Binns, H.J., Christoffel, K,K. et al. (1993). "Behavioral and emotional problems among preschool children in pediatric primary care: Prevalence and pediatricians' recognition." Pediatrics. 91:649-657, as cited in Improving Developmental Screening Through Public Policy http://www.dbpeds.org/articles/detail.cfm?TextID=367

64 Duncan, G. J.; Brooks-Gunn, J. (2000). "Family Poverty, Welfare Reform, and Child Development." Child Development 71: 188-196.

65 Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (2004). Benefits and Costs of Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Youth. http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/04-07-3901.pdf
 
66 The Positive Parenting Program (Triple P), Homebuilders, Incredible Years, and Nurturing Parent Programs http://www.cachildwelfareclearinghouse.org/

67 Berrento-Clement, J.R., Schweinhart, L.J., Barnett, W.S., Epstein, A.S., & Weikart, D.P. (1984) Changed Lives: The effects of the Perry Preschool Program on Youths through Age 19. Ypsilanti, MI: The High/Scope Press; Provence, S. (1985) On the efficacy of early intervention programs. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 6, pp. 363-366.; Seitz, V., Rosenbaum, L.K., & Apfel, N.H. (1985) Effects of family support intervention: A ten-year follow up. Child Development, 56, pp. 376-391.; Webster-Stratton, C. (1998) Preventing conduct problems in Head Start children: Strengthening parenting competencies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, pp. 715-730.; Weikart, D.P. (1998) Changing early childhood development through educational intervention. Preventive Medicine, 27, pp. 233-237.

68 Washington State Institute for Public Policy. (2004). Benefits and Costs of Prevention and Early Intervention Programs for Youth. http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/rptfiles/04-07-3901.pdf

69 In Texas, child care staff are required to have 8 hours of pre-service training and 15 hours of annual training thereafter. The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) recommends 40 hours of pre-service training. The American Academy of Pediatrics or the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) generally do not exceed a staff to children ratio of 1:4 for 18 month olds and maximum class size of 8. Texas allows a ratio up 1:9 for this age group and a maximum class size of 18.

70 Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. (2009) What Works?: A Study of Effective Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation Programs. http://gucchd.georgetown.edu
 
71 Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development. (2009) What Works?: A Study of Effective Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation Programs. http://gucchd.georgetown.edu

72 American Academy of Pediatrics. (2004) "School-Based Mental Health Services: Policy Statement." Pediatrics. 113(6). Pp. 1839-1845.

73 Foster, S., Rollefson, M., Doksum, T., Noonan, D., Robinson, G. and J. Teich. (2005) School Mental Health in the United States: 2002-2003.U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services.

74 US Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institute of Mental Health (1999) Mental Health: A Report from the Surgeon General. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/home.html; and the President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003) Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America.

75 Carnagie Council on Adolescent Development's Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents. (1989) Turning Points: Preparing American Youth for the 21st Century.

76 Texas Department of State Health Services. (2009) FY 2009 State Plan for Community Mental Health Services Block Grant Application.

77 Kutash, K, and A. Duchnowski. (2007) The Role of Mental Health Services in Promoting Safe and Secure Schools. The Hamilton Fish Institute on School and Community Violence and Northwest Regional Education Laboratory.

78 Texas Department of State Health Services. (2009) FY 2009 State Plan for Community Mental Health Services Block Grant Application.

79 Texas Education Agency. The Special Education Databook. Accessed May 12, 2010. http://tuna.tea.state.tx.us/Tea.DataBook.Web/Forms/Default.aspx

80 Kutash, K, and A. Duchnowski. (2007) The Role of Mental Health Services in Promoting Safe and Secure Schools. The Hamilton Fish Institute on School and Community Violence and Northwest Regional Education Laboratory.

81 The President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003) Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America

82 Texas Education Agency. (2008). 2008-2009 Response to Intervention Guidance.

83 National Center on Response to Intervention. http://www.rti4success.org/
 
84 See Texas Education Agency. (2008). 2008-2009 Response to Intervention Guidance. http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/curriculum/RtI/RtIGuidanceDocument.pdf; and Texas Education Agency. (2008) "Response to Intervetion (RtI)". Special Education in Texas. http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/special.ed/rti/;
 
85 Office of Special Education Programs Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports. (2009) What is School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports?http://www.pbis.org/common/cms/documents/WhatIsPBIS/WhatIsSWPBS.pdf

86 U.S. Department of Education. (2000). Applying positive behavioral support in schools: Twenty-second Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals with Disability Act.

87 Horner, R., Sugai, G., Smolkowski, K., Eber, L., Nakasato, J., Todd, A., and J. Esperanza. (2009). "A Randomized, Wait-List Controlled Effectiveness Trial Assessing School-Wide Positive Behavior Support in Elementary Schools, Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions." Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Vol. 11, No. 3, 133-144; Sprague, J., and R. Horner (2007) "School Wide Positive Behavioral Supports", in The Handbook of School Violence and School Safety: From Research to Practice. Shane R. Jimerson & Michael J. Furlong, eds.

88 Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law (2009) Fact Sheet: Why States and Communities Should Implement School-Wide Positive Behavior Support Integrated with Mental Health Care. Way to Go: School Success for Children with Mental Health Needs http:/www.bazelon.org/pdf/WayToGo1.pdf
 
89 Walsh, Anderson, Brown, Schulze and Aldrige, PC. (2008). Response to Intervention: The Legal Implications. http://www.esc1.net/129310102210610280/lib/129310102210610280/Hand_RTI_presentation.pdf

90 E-mail correspondence from Clynita J. Grafenreed, Education Specialist, Region 4 Education Service Center. March 18, 2010.

91 Texas Education Agency. (2005) Assessment of Existing School-Based Mental Health and Substance Abuse Programs. http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/comm/sb491.doc
 
92 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf
 
93 Texas Education Agency. (2005) Assessment of Existing School-Based Mental Health and Substance Abuse Programs. http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/comm/sb491.doc

94 Texas Education Code. Section 33.002

95 Texas Education Agency. School Guidance and Counseling-Recommended Ratios. http://www.tea.state.tx.us/index.aspx?id=3402

96 US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. (2005). School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003.

97 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf
 
98 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf
 
99 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf

100 US Dept. of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services. (2005). School Mental Health Services in the United States, 2002-2003.

101 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf
 
102 Texas Mental Health Transformation Project. (2009) Texas School-Based Behavioral Health Survey: Results and Recommendations. http://www.mhtransformation.org/documents/pdf/sbbh/SBBH_Report_FINAL_10.2.09.pdf

103 Texas Education Code. Title 2, Chapter 28, Section 28.004.

104 Department of State Health Services. School Health Advisory Council: A Guide for Texas School Districts. http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/schoolhealth/SHACGuide2007.pdf

105 Adelman, H., and L. Taylor. (2002) "Toward a Comprehensive Policy Vision for Mental Health in Schools". Chapter in Handbook of School Mental Health: Advancing Practice and Research. M. Weist, S. Evans, N. Lever, eds.

106 Texas Department of State Health Services. (2009).Texas Community Mental Health Services Block Grant Plan FY 2009.

107 The Hogg Foundation for Mental Health. (2008). Health Care in Texas: Critical Workforce Shortages in Mental Health. http://www.hogg.utexas.edu/PDF/Workforce%20Interim%20Senate%20052308.pdf; Health and Human Services Commission. (2008). Frew Medical and Dental Initiatives: Integrated Pediatric and Mental Health Program Proposal.

108 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment.

109 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment

110 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment

111 Department of State Health Services. (2010). Children and Adolescent Mental Health Services Plan: Rethinking Children's Mental Health Services. Presentation to the Resiliency and Disease Management (RDM) Oversight Workgroup, May 25, 2010.

112 Department of State Health Services. (2010). Children and Adolescent Mental Health Services Plan: Rethinking Children's Mental Health Services. Presentation to the Resiliency and Disease Management (RDM) Oversight Workgroup, May 25, 2010.

113 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment

114 Institute of Medicine. (2006) Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions: Quality Chasm Series.

115 Manderscheid, R., Henderson, M., Brown, D. (2001) "Status of National Accountability Efforts at the Millenium." In Mental Health, United States, 2000. Pg. 43-52.

116 Institute of Medicine. (2006) Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions: Quality Chasm Series.

117 Health and Human Services Commission. (2008). Frew Medical and Dental Initiatives: Integrated Pediatric and Mental Health Program Proposal. http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us/about_hhsc/AdvisoryCommittees/IntegratedPediatric_030308.pdf
 
118 See the National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation's (2009) Strategies to Support the Integration of Mental Health into Pediatric Primary Care for more information on strategies and approaches. http://nihcm.org/pdf/PediatricMH-FINAL.pdf

119 Goodwin, R., Gould, C.B., and Olfson, M. (2001). "Prescription of Psychotropic Medications to Youths in Office-Based Practice." Psychiatric Services, 52(8). pp. 1081-1087

120 Crystal, S., Olfson, M., Huang, C., Pincus, H., and T. Gerhard.(2009) "Broadened Use Of Atypical Antipsychotics: Safety, Effectiveness, And Policy Challenges". Health Affairs. 28, no. 5. Published online July 21, 2009. As reported in New York Times article "Poor Children Likelier to Get Antipsychotics". December 12, 2009.

121 One such example is the Texas Juvenile Probation Department grant-funded Front End Diversion Initiative (FEDI), which provides juvenile probation officers in Dallas, Lubbock, Bexar, and Travis county with mental health training to help them better identify and work with youth with mental health challenges. See Texas Juvenile Probation Commission. (2009). Front End Diversion Initiative Program: Policy and Procedure Manual Overview.

122 Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2006). Improving the Quality of Health Care for Mental and Substance-Use Conditions: Quality Chasm Series.

123 National Health Policy Forum Issue Brief (2004). The Provider System for Children's Mental Health: Workforce Capacity and Effective Treatment.

124 National Center for Children in Poverty.(2009) Adolescent Mental Health in the United States. http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_878.pdf

125 Texas Juvenile Probation Commission.(2008) Models for Change: Systems Reform in Juvenile Justice Grant Application.

126 Texas Youth Commission. Who Are TYC Offenders (FY08) http://www.tyc.state.tx.us/research/youth_stats.html
 
127 Texas Juvenile Probation Commission Strategic Plan for 2009-2013 http://www.tjpc.state.tx.us/publications/reports/RPTSTRAT200801.pdf; Texas Youth Commission Review of Agency Treatment Effectiveness, Fiscal Year 2008.
 
128 Texas Appleseed. (2009) Creating Flexibility from the Bench: Meeting the Needs of Juveniles with Mental Impairments. http://www.texasappleseed.net
 
129 Texas Youth Commission, "Average Cost Per Day Per Youth." Accessed July 30, 2010. http://www.tyc.state.tx.us/research/cost_per_day.html
 
130 Texas Appleseed. (2009) Creating Flexibility from the Bench: Meeting the Needs of Juveniles with Mental Impairments. http://www.texasappleseed.net

131 Department of State Health Services. (2007). E-mail correspondence with Amanda Broden.

132 Department of State Health Services. (2010). Children and Adolescent Mental Health Services Plan: Rethinking Children's Mental Health Services. Presentation to the Resiliency and Disease Management (RDM) Oversight Workgroup, May 25, 2010.

133 Department of State Health Services. (2010). Children and Adolescent Mental Health Services Plan: Rethinking Children's Mental Health Services. Presentation to the Resiliency and Disease Management (RDM) Oversight Workgroup, May 25, 2010.

134 National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI). (1999). Families on the Brink: The Impact of Ignoring Children with Serious Mental Illness: Results of a National Survey of Parents and Other Caregivers. Arlington, VA: National Alliance for the Mentally Ill. http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=Child_and_Adolescent_Action_Center&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=22196

135 Burns, B. & Hoagwood, K. (Eds.). (2002). Community treatment for youth: Evidence-based interventions for severe emotional and behavioral disorders. New York: Oxford University Press.

137 Listed as a model program by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; also, Alexander, J.F.; C. Barton; D. Gordon; J. Grotpeter; K. Hansson; R. Harrison; S. Mears; S. Mihalic; B. Parsons; C. Pugh; S. Schulman; H. Waldron; and T. Sexton. (1998). Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book Three: Functional Family Therapy. Boulder, Colo.: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.

138 Listed as a model program by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Also, Chamberlain, Patricia, and Sharon F. Mihalic. 1998. "Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care." In D.S. Elliott (series ed.) Blueprints for Violence Prevention, Book 8: Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care. Boulder, Colo.: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.

139 Listed as a model program by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

140 "Youth Development," Texas Network of Youth Services, http://www.tnoys.org/resources/whatsitallabout.php.

 

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